Evidence-Based Addiction Treatment

Getting to the Root Cause of Your Addiction

At The Bay, we offer evidence-based addiction treatment. Evidence-based practice is grounded in current scientific research and focuses on the underlying psychological and physical causes of addiction, rather than moral or character-based factors. We have found that this approach delivers sustainable results for long-term recovery and healing.

Our use of evidence-based treatment allows for a much more individualised approach to overcoming addiction, involving an examination of the ‘whole person’, body, mind, soul. This approach targets the specific causes for you, recognises your unique physiological, psychological and environmental factors, and locates the particular keys that will unlock your personal healing.

Non 12 step treatment

You were not born with your addiction.

Being an “addict” is not your true nature, nor who you really are.

Some people talk about having an “addictive personality” which carries with it a sense of finality. However, our evidence-based approach to addiction treatment has shown us time and again, that an addiction is actually a response, or a symptom of something else, usually a trauma of some kind in the past.

So instead of focusing solely on the addiction itself, we believe it is important to delve deeper and consider the underlying reasons; to understand why you began abusing drugs or alcohol in the first place.

Through this ‘whole person’ approach, together we can uncover and explore these deeper reasons during one-to-one therapy sessions, and discover how your life experiences may have contributed to your substance abuse. The evidence-based approach fosters a broader sense of self-awareness, along with a more sustainable recovery.

Evidence-Based compared to the traditional 12 Step Method

Even though evidence-based treatment differs from recovery programs such as the 12 Steps popularised by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), our approach in no way negates, nor dismisses the 12 Steps, or your own belief systems.

At The Bay we can, and often do, work with individuals who are working with the 12 Steps, and find that evidence-based treatment can work well alongside the more traditional approach of AA.

The benefits of evidence-based treatment:

  • Self-Awareness: You are empowered to create the change you want in your life. The answers you are seeking may come from a higher power, but they may also come from within yourself.
  • Single-client care: Instead of group-sharing, or group-therapy, one-to-one care focuses on your needs alone, allowing you to explore the underlying reasons for why you began drinking or abusing drugs in the first place, helping you heal those issues – as well as your addiction at the same time.
  • Growth and lasting change: The idea that addiction is a “disease” is limiting, and essentially a life sentence. We have seen our clients make lasting change in their lives, through in-depth self-enquiry that addresses the whole person, employing evidence-based techniques aligned with current best practice standards. 

Evidence based treatment works

Treatment programs based on individualised psychotherapy, dual-diagnosis considerations, and medically supervised detox have been proven to be extremely effective for people living with addiction. In addition, holistic therapies like yoga, acupuncture, and meditation have also proven to be powerful healing modalities with tangible results for long-term recovery.

At The Bay, we will never ask you to follow a set of rules designed for a mass audience but instead allow you to build a personalised recovery that benefits you in every way.


Would you like to know more about our evidence-based approach? Please contact us by This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call +61 2 6684 4240 (Australia) or +1 310 220 0352 (USA).



  • Brewer, J.A, Mallik, S & Babuscio, T.A. et al. (2011). ‘Mindfulness training for smoking cessation: results from a randomized controlled trial.’ Drug and Alcohol Dependence,1:119(1-2): 72-80. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.05.027. Accessed 10/6/26 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21723049/ 
  • Brewer, J.A., Bowen, S., Smith, J.T. et al. (2010).’Mindfulness-based treatments for co-occurring depression and substance use disorders: what can we learn from the brain?’ Addiction, 105(10):1698-706. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02890.x. Accessed 10/6/16 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2905496/ 
  • Covington, S. S. (2008). ‘Women and addiction: a trauma-informed approach.’ Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, SARC Supplement 5: 377. Accessed 26/05/2016. www.stephaniecovington.com/assets/files/Covington%20SARC.pdf
  • Clay, R. (2003). ‘The secret of the 12 steps: researchers explore spirituality’s role in substance abuse prevention and treatment.’ American Psychological Association, 34(11): 50. Accessed 23/05/2016. www.apa.org/monitor/dec03/secret.aspx
  • Dakwar, E. & Levin, F.R. (2013). ‘Individual mindfulness-based psychotherapy for cannabis or cocaine dependence: a pilot feasibility trial.’ The American Journal on Addictions, 22 (6): 521-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.12036.x Accessed 10/6/16 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4076045/ 
  • Dakwar, E., Levin, F.R. (2009). ‘The emerging role of meditation in addressing psychiatric illness, with a focus on substance use disorders.’ Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 17(4): 254-67. doi: 10.1080/10673220903149135. Accessed 10/06/2016. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19637074
  • Kelly, A. & Garland, E.L. (2016). ‘Trauma-informed mindfulness-based stress reduction for female survivors of interpersonal violence: results from a stage 1 RCT.’ Journal of Clinical Psychology, 72(4): 311-28. Accessed 25/05/2016. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22273.
  • Shorey, R.C., Gawrysiak, M.J., Anderson, S. & Stuart, G.L. (2015). ‘Dispositional mindfulness, spirituality, and substance use in predicting depressive symptoms in a treatment seeking sample.’ Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(4): 334-45. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22139 Accessed 10/06/2016. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jclp.22139/fu